American Imprisoned in Cuba on Hunger Strike
An American who has been imprisoned in Cuba for more than four years after illegally setting up Internet access on the island is on a hunger strike, according to a statement his lawyer released Tuesday.
Alan Gross, 64, said he was protesting his treatment by the governments of Cuba and the United States. He said he began fasting Thursday.
Gross was arrested in Cuba in 2009 while working in the Communist-run country to set up Internet access for the island's small Jewish community, access that bypassed local restrictions and monitoring. At the time, Gross was working as a subcontractor for the U.S. government's U.S. Agency for International Development, which promotes democracy on the island. Cuba considers USAID's programs illegal attempts by the U.S. to undermine its government, and Gross was tried and sentenced to 15 years in prison.
Cuban officials initially accused Gross of spying, though more recent statements have said he set up "illegal and covert communication systems" and was sentenced for breaking Cuban laws. His case has become a sticking point in improving ties between the two countries, which have not had formal diplomatic relations since 1961.
"I am fasting to object to mistruths, deceptions, and inaction by both governments, not only regarding their shared responsibility for my arbitrary detention, but also because of the lack of any reasonable or valid effort to resolve this shameful ordeal. Once again, I am calling on President Obama to get personally involved in ending this standoff so that I can return home to my wife and daughters," Gross' statement read.
The Cuban government did not immediately respond to a request for comment.
Gross' hunger strike comes as U.S. and Cuban officials have questioned a different USAID program on the island. Last week, an Associated Press investigation revealed that USAID secretly created a "Cuban Twitter" communications network to stir unrest on the island. The social media network, called ZunZuneo, was publicly launched shortly after Gross was arrested. It reached at least 40,000 subscribers before being shut down in 2012 when a government grant ended.
Gross' lawyer, Scott Gilbert, said his client was aware of the story, which was published the same day he began fasting. It was one of the factors he took into account in beginning his hunger strike, Gilbert said.
"Once Alan was arrested, it is shocking that USAID would imperil his safety even further by running a covert operation in Cuba," Gilbert wrote in a statement. "USAID has made one absurdly bad decision after another. Running this program is contrary to everything we have been told by high-level representatives of the Obama administration about USAID's activities in Cuba."
USAID's top official, Rajiv Shah, testified Tuesday before a Senate subcommittee. Responding to questions from Sen. Patrick Leahy, D-Vt., who called the ZunZuneo program a "cockamamie idea," Shah said it was "absolutely not" covert. Shah said creating platforms to improve communication in Cuba and elsewhere is a "core part" of what USAID does.
Rajiv Shah, who heads the U.S. Agency for International Development, says the U.S. has led an aggressive effort to free Gross.
Shah called Gross' detention "wrong" but said "the responsibility for his detention rests with Cuban authorities."
Gross' brief statement did not say whether he was drinking anything while on a hunger strike or mention his health. Lawyers said Gross has lost over 100 pounds while incarcerated.
His wife, Judy Gross, wrote Tuesday that she was "worried sick" about her husband's health and she doesn't think "he can survive much more of this."
Gross lived in Maryland before his arrest. His wife now lives in Washington.